Soft Drinks + Orthodontic Treatment =

A Recipe for Disaster

Many people are not aware that soft drinks – even diet soft drinks, sports and energy drinks, and fruit drinks – contain acids, which can be especially troublesome for people in orthodontic treatment. Acids pull calcium out of the enamel, making the tooth soft to the touch and dissolves tooth enamel, a process called “decalcification” and can lead to cavities. It is recommended that you avoid soft drinks during your orthodontic treatment so that your teeth stay healthy and strong, and you finish your treatment with a good bite and a healthy, beautiful smile.

If You Must Drink a Soft Drink

Drink soft drinks through a straw
Have soft drinks with a meal
Brush right away after drinking a soft drink; if you can’t brush right away, at least rinse with water
Drink the soft drink quickly; avoid sipping over a long period of time – each sip renews the acid attack on the teeth

Be Smart

Drink water and milk
Brush and floss as recommended
Fluoride strengthens teeth – use fluoride toothpaste and fluoride rinse
See your dentist at least every six months for a professional cleaning and check-up, or more often if recommended

Pulsipher-Ortho-FAQEach February for the past 62 years, the American Dental Association (ADA) has sponsored National Children’s Dental Health Month to raise awareness about the importance of oral health. Developing good habits at an early age and scheduling regular dental visits helps children get a good start on a lifetime of healthy teeth and gums.

With Valentine’s Day almost here, and all that candy making its rounds, it’s once again time to remind all our patients to be extra careful when choosing those candies and treats!

All those sweet, sour and sticky candies may taste great, but these treats are known to damage teeth, as well as braces! Did you know sour candies can be acidic to your teeth, and actually wear down the enamel that protects them? This can cause tooth decay and cavities! Sour and fruity candy, such as Starburst and Skittles, are the worst for your teeth since these candies have a low pH value, which is known to ruin enamel.

We recommend softer treats, such as soft chocolate or peanut butter cups, or melt-in-your-mouth foods. Those who indulge should make sure they brush and floss between teeth, around brackets and at the gum line.

Cavities can develop when sugar-containing foods are allowed to stay in the mouth for a long time. Bacteria that live on the teeth feast on these bits of food and can eat away at tooth enamel. Saliva washes away the acid between meals, but if your child is always eating, there may not be time for this acid to get washed away.

For kids wearing braces, brushing and flossing can become more difficult, requiring extra time and vigilance to remove food particles that accumulate on and between the teeth and in braces.

If the health of your teeth is ignored during treatment with braces, the results can be significantly compromised. Effective brushing and flossing is one of the most critical actions needed from patients during orthodontic treatment.



Orthodontic retainers are the devices that orthodontists give patients to minimize the movement of their teeth after the braces have been removed. Retainers are forever! There is no part of the human body that does not sag or wrinkle with age, and the teeth are no exception. Since you’re going to need a retainer from now on, let’s talk about how to keep it clean.

First of all, realize that all retainers get dirty and wear out with use. Like contact lenses or shoes that are worn daily, your retainer will change in appearance, fit, and will get dirty. No matter how well you brush and floss your teeth, there are always bacteria in your mouth. Bacteria are a primary component of plaque and are part of what scientists call your “normal flora.” Bacterial plaque colonizes on your teeth and your retainer. They can make it look, taste, and smell bad. Additionally, if you are a patient that forms tartar or “calculus” (hard mineral deposits) on your teeth, you may also notice white calcium deposits on your retainers.

The key to a clean retainer is preventing it from getting dirty in the first place. Knowing there are bacteria, plaque, and tartar that attach themselves to your retainer every time it is in your mouth is the first step. It is critical to clean your retainer immediately after removing it from your mouth while it is still wet. Letting debris harden on your retainer will complicate its removal. Even if you can’t see anything on your retainer, you may notice that it has developed an odor over time. This is most often due to invisible plaque. Although brushing your retainer can remove bacteria, there are areas that are not easily accessible on certain designs. For this reason, I recommend that patients wash their retainers with warm water and anti-bacterial soap daily. After removing your retainer from your mouth, give it a scrub and good rinse and your retainer will taste and smell better the next time you put it in.

If you notice visible plaque or debris on your retainer, you should remove it with a soft brush (like a tooth brush, denture brush, vegetable brush, etc.). Use only water or anti-bacterial soap and never use abrasives (like toothpaste) or the finish will become scratched. If you wear clear plastic retainers, you may need to use a cotton swab (“Q-Tip”) to clean down into the deepest parts. Again, avoid using any cleaning agent which might scratch your retainer.

If you notice calcium deposits on your retainer that do not come off with brushing, you may need to enlist the help of your orthodontist. There are tartar removing solutions that he can use to professionally clean your retainer in his office. If the calcium has become incorporated into the plastic over time however, even he may not be able to get it off. In that case, you may have to live with a discolored retainer or buy a new one. Discoloration won’t affect its function.

You may have noticed that the steps for keeping your retainer clean are very similar to keeping your teeth clean. You must physically remove the plaque (brushing), chemically treat the bacteria and bad breath (toothpaste), and sometimes go to your dentist to get tartar removed. If you take care of your retainers, they will look better and last longer.